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GCSE和A Levels假期复习:该做什么,该避免什么?

英伦求学中心2019-01-11 06:29:35


关于如何在假期高效地进行复习,最近私立学校协会(Independent Schools Council)主席Barnaby Lenon在一篇文章中提到了一些行之有效的方法。

他说:“那些天赋异禀的孩子不一定就能考好GCSE和A Levels;成功往往属于那些能在考前假期有效进行复习的孩子。”

而我们英伦求学中心也坚信,如果孩子能够做好复习计划,有效率地规划安排时间,他们终究会收获理想的成绩。但是,在复习期间,特别是在忙碌疲惫后迎来的假期,如何让你的复习事半功倍?


以下是英伦求学中心的英国教育专家本杰明·莫克森(Benjamin Moxon)为备考中的学生提供的专业建议。



   这些事情一定要做:


一、提前安排好复习资料,以确保你是紧跟教学大纲以及考试委员会的要求进行复习的。请确保你在学习过程中所做的笔记是完整的。若在某一科目上有不足,可寻求朋友的帮助或者参考教学大纲,而且大部分的资料都可通过网络进行查找。此外,你可尝试把话题分割成几个单元,并且把长笔记长文章尽量缩短以减少复习的繁杂与压力。


二、进行及时地休息。短暂休息可以让你的精力更加充沛,大量饮水以及恰当饮食能让你注意力集中、头脑清晰。劳逸结合至关重要:通过一顿营养均衡的早餐开始新的一天,在午时的小憩中放松大脑,通过午后的室外运动感受阳光的温暖。


三、及时进行自测。可通过誊写笔记的方式来确保你所复习的东西长期储存在记忆中。亦可请家长或导师给你一些小测试进行自测,更好地发现潜在错误。


四、尽量每天复习多门科目,而不是一门。你可把每天的时间合理分配给两到三门科目,过于专注一门科目可能会使你倍感疲倦。比如,早上复习数学,下午进行化学知识的复习。


五、尽早开始一天的复习。研究调查表明,多数学生的大脑在早晨最为活跃。所以,请尽量在合适的时间起床并且在上午九点之前开始你的复习。下午五点左右暂时结束你的复习,这样你就可以得到充沛的休息,这些休息将帮助你的大脑充电,来更好地吸收所复习的知识。同时,充足的睡眠也是必不可少的,它可让你在第二天醒来之后精力充沛,更好地复习。


六、可以与伙伴们一起复习。单独复习不可或缺,但你如果有朋友住得比较近,可以选择和他们一起组队复习,互相测试所学的知识,查漏补缺。



   有些事情请尽量避免:


一、别慌张许多学生认为复习过程压力满满,但实际上,你大可不必为复习焦头烂额。参考一下本文所提及的建议,你就会发现自己不仅能很好地复习所学知识,还能学习到对自己备考有所帮助的新知识。


二、别当“学习狂人”。制定好你的复习计划,并按照着计划一步一个脚印地走,以确保自己能充分利用假期时间。适当地进行休息,并谨记按时吃饭。


三、别让拖延症毁了你。不要给自己找不复习的理由,也别一整天都在和朋友玩。请把你的手机,平板电脑等会使你分心的东西放在一边。请切记,每天按时复习能让你更好地掌握所复习的知识。


四、别在嘈杂的环境下学习。在家或当地的图书馆找一个适合自己安静复习的小角落,坐在舒适的位置上,尽量不要被吵闹的兄弟姐妹或者小宠物等打扰,这样你的学习效率会更高。


五、别气馁。你不是一个人在战斗,你的同龄人和你站在同一战线上。你可以跟你的朋友进行复习经验的分享并保持乐观。记住,一旦完成考试,你将会拥有大把的时间休息。


六、不同的学生有不同的复习方法。部分学生偏好在考试前进行“填鸭式学习”,而部分学生的复习则是有条不紊地进行着的,这样他们就不会感觉压力过大。所以,分析清楚自己的情况,合理规划自己的复习安排,你就能在备考过程中处于不败之地。


最后,让你的复习计划像学校课程一样有序地进行吧!规划好你的时间并学会自律。这样,在你临上大学之际,你在复习过程中所养成的良好学习习惯,将会让你在未来学习过程中更上一层楼。


英伦求学中心预祝你考试成功!


原文链接:https://www.ukstudycentre.co.uk/blog/gcse-level-revision-dos-donts/

作者:Benjemin Moxon

翻译:Evonne

编辑:Maverick


原文:

GCSE & A Level Revision – The dos and don’ts


Barnaby Lenon, chairman of the Independent Schools Council, has recently published his advice on how to approach the all-important revision period over the Holidays.


He has said that “The best GCSE and A-level results don't go to the cleverest students — they go to those who revised in the holidays.”

Here at UK Study Centre, we also believe that if a student organises their time efficiently and plans their revision period well leading up to exams, hard-work will be paid off when their results come in. However, there are certain ‘dos’ and ‘don’ts’ to consider when revising, particularly when doing so intensively over the school holidays…


Do!


Do plan your revision materials ahead of time – Ensure you are revising from the correct syllabus and exam board. Make sure that any notes you have taken throughout the year are complete and in full. If you’ve missed any lessons or topics, ask a friend to share these with you or refer to the syllabus, most of which are available online. Separate topics into clearly divided sections and reduce long essays into bitesize notes for easier learning.


Do take breaks – Take regular short breaks to stay energised. Drink plenty of water and eat well to ensure your brain can concentrate. A hearty breakfast will ensure you start the day right. Take a lunch hour to rest in the middle of the day, ready to hit the ground running in the afternoon!


Do test yourself – Write and re-write your notes from memory to ensure facts are stored in your brain in the long-term. Ask a parent or tutor to create short quizzes for you to complete and revise further any mistakes you may make.


Do revise more than one subject a day – Split your time between two or three subjects every day, too much focus on one subject will tire you out. E.g. do some maths revision in the morning and some chemistry revision in the afternoon.


Do start early – It is scientifically proven that our brains are more energized and active in the mornings. Wake up in good time and be ready to start revising by 9am at the latest. Finish in the evenings by 5pm so that you can relax and allow all the revision to sink in! A good night’s sleep will also ensure you awake feeling refreshed for the day of revising ahead.


Do revise with friends – Revising alone is important but if you have friends that live locally, arrange study groups and revise together as well. Test each other on facts and knowledge, you may pick up some new information that you didn’t know before.


Don’t!


Don’t panic – Lots of students can find that revision is an overwhelming prospect. There is no need to become stressed about revision. Take our advice in this blog post and you will find that revision can be a great way to not only revise material you already know but to learn new information that will see you achieve great exam results.


Don’t overwork yourself – Pace your revision and work to a strict, planned schedule to ensure you make the most of your holiday time. Take regular breaks and remember to make time for a healthy breakfast, lunch and dinner.


Don’t procrastinate – Don’t give yourself reasons not to revise. Put away your mobile phone, iPad, laptop and anything else that is a distraction! Don’t make plans that mean you’ll be out all day with friends/family. Revision is best done daily to ensure your brain retains all the information and facts you’ve been learning.


Don’t work in a noisy place – Find a nice quiet room at home or in a local library where you can revise in peace and quiet. A home office or dining room where you can sit at a proper table and close the door on any noisy siblings, parents or pets is ideal!


Don’t feel defeated – You are not alone! All your peers are in the same situation. Share your revision techniques with your friends and stay positive. Remember that once you’ve sat your exams, you’ll have plenty of time to relax!


Lots of student’s approach revision in different ways. Some students like to ‘cram’ as much information into their brains as possible before each exam, some like to revise occasionally and spread out their revision, so they don’t become overwhelmed. However, an organised and diligent approach to revision will undoubtedly stand you in good stead for any upcoming exams. Treat your revision period like an extension of your school timetable, be disciplined with your time and take ownership of your studies. Soon, you may be off to university and the skills you have acquired in your revision periods, will assist you in the independent learning that is required in many higher education courses. Lastly, but certainly not least, the very best of luck with your exams!






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